What are free radicals in the body is a question that most health conscious people ask a lot. When the human system uses oxygen, as it always does, the by-product of the oxidation process brings about oxidative damage to body cells. During the process, very highly reactive molecules, mostly from environmental pollution, Ultraviolet light, and smoking will come by as free radicals.
With that being said, it is important to keep in mind that they are often a lone electron looking to stabilize so that the reactive process would stop. In their pursuit for stabilization, they will often be looking for other lone moving molecules to bind to. The process of stabilization of lone molecules causes so many complications and processes in the body. This is where aging and tissue damage comes in.
They are indeed “free” since they float around till they stabilize, and are “radicals” because there are so many molecules from which they can derive and pair with an electron. Note that once the reactive process of pairing with other electrons starts, it becomes a snowball effect that wreaks havoc on otherwise healthy tissues. This is because the new molecule that pairs with it, also misses an electron in the process, hence acquires the new title of a free radical, and the chain continues.
As previously mentioned, these molecules have been linked to a myriad of health complications including heart disease, cancer, Alzheimer’s disease, rheumatoid arthritis, age-related mucular degeneration, Parkison’s disease, and glaucoma to mention but a few.
In the process of attaining their stability by bonding with other molecules in the system, the molecules end up destroying their good health status, thus worsening the already damaged process. It is because of this that there is a very close connection between antioxidants and these radicals.
Antioxidants are known as lone radicals scavengers. They inhibit the creation of the lone molecules in the first place. They further neutralize the lone molecules, thus ensuring the healthy tissues of the system are well protected against the harmful effects brought about by oxidation stress. Examples of antioxidants include Vitamin c, Vitamin E, betacarotine, lutein, selenium, lycopene, resveratrol, and lipoic acid. Also worth mentioning is that antioxidants are readily present in most diets today.
They can always be derived from foods and natural food sources such as cocoa, goji berries, chokeberry, oolong tea, acai, medicinal mushrooms, wheatgrass, white tea, black tea, as well as tart cherries. Ensuring there is a sufficient amount of fresh fruits and vegetables, grains and enough proteins has also been proven to be an effective remedy for ensuring there are enough antioxidants in the system. Even so, they can still be bought and used in their supplement form.
With that being said, it is important to ensure you have a free radical scavenger in your diet all the time. This can be an enzyme, a vitamin, or even a simple mineral that will destroy the lone and unstable molecules. This scavenger basically hunts down all lone molecules and destroys them. This way, they will not ...Read More